Vocabulary

Japanese Pronunciation

Short Vowels

Long Vowels

A as in father

A = A

E as in yes

EI = e

I as in machine

ii = i

O as in solo

O = o

U as in rule

U = u

I

NUMBERS

ECHI                     1           一

NI                            2           二

SAN                      3            三

SHI                        4            四

GO                         5            五

ROKU                 6           六

SHICHI              7            七

HACHI               8            八

KU                          9            九

JU                           10          十

NI-JU                  20         二十

SAN-JU             30        三十

YONJU              40         四十

GO-JU                 50        五十

HYAKU            100        百

Falls  UKAMAE

MAE UKEMI                                  .FORWARD FALL

YOKO UKEMI.                                               .SIDE FALL

USHIRO UKEMI.                                       .BACK FALL

UE NI ATAMA URA.              OVERHEAD BACK FALL                                                                               UKAMEA

TORA UKEMI                                                   TIGER FALL

GYAKU TORA.                   .REVERSE TIGER FALL

MAE .KAITEN                                 FORWARD ROLL

URA KAITEN                                                  BACK ROLL

General Terms (Formal)

Terms Used in Class

Thank you very much for the work out

                                                            Domo Arigato ne Undo

Please practice with me  

                                                              keiko onegal shimasu

YOUR WELCOME                  DO I TASHI MASH TE                                                                                               Hand

THANK YOU      ( formal )

DOMO  ARIGATO  GOZAIMASHITA

TURN  TO  PARTNER                        HOLTAGAMI.

STANDING  BOW                                         TACHIREI

COME TO ATTENTION                              KITSKAY

STUDENT                                                              GAKUSEI

START, BEGIN                                                   HAJIMAE

BLACK BELT RANK                   YUDANSHAKAI

STOP.                                                                                  YAMAI

BLACK BELT HOLDER                    YUDANSHA

RANK.. (WHITE - PURPLE.)       .MUDANSHA

AVOID OR EVASIVE ACTION           SUKASHI

Muk So                                      to emptying of the mind

Hold the long sounds at least twice as long as the short ones, and don't let the sound change from start to finish.

When two vowels occur together in a work, let the pure quality of each one be heard, one after the other.

You may hear native speakers dropping the vowels i and u ( especially the latter in the work desu as shown here:

I like sukiyaki Watashi wa s''kiyaki go s'ki des ( dropped u's )

He worked in the northern branch office. K'ta no sh'ten de hatarakimash'ta ( droped i's )

Consonants

  • When the "r" appears within a word, pronounce it like the "dd" in the name Eddy

  • When the r appears as the first letter, pronounce it " r "

  • The f is like the "h" at the beginning of the word hoot

  • g is always hard, as in girl and glass

  • The h before i is pronounced like a harsh "sh" as in ship

  • The "ts" is like the sound in let's

  • n followed by a dot ( bon.yari ) is pronounced like the middle sound in singer

STRIKES       (TE TATAKU)

 

RIDGE HAND                                                                                HAITO

LUNCH PUNCH                                                                 OI TSUKI

REVERSE PUNCH                                            GYAKU  TSUKI

RISING PUNCH                                                            AGE  TSUKI

HOOK PUNCH                                                            KAGI TSUKI     

FORWARD PUNCH                                               .MAE TSUKI

HAMMER FIST                                                   TETTSUI-TSUKI

PALM HEEL                                                               TEISHO UCHI

SNAKE                                                                                                     HEBI

ELBOW STRIKE                                                                    HIJI ATE

PUNCH                                                                                                 TSUKI

KNIFE EDGE                                                                                SHUTO

BACK FIST                                                                                  URAKEN

STRAIGHT PUNCH                                            CHOKU TSUKI

 SPEAR PUNCH                                                                       NUKITE

KNEE STRIKE                                                                     HIZA GERI

KICKS  (GARI)

COMBINATION                                          RENZOKUE  GARI

FRONT SNAP                                                   MAE KEAGE GARI

SIDE KICK                                                                           .YOKO GARI

JUMP SIDE KICK                                           .YOKO TOBI GERI

ROUND KICK                                                      MAWASHI GARI

CRESCENT KICK                                              MIKAZUKI GERI

THRUST KICK                                                            KEKOMI GERI

BACK KICK.                                                                  USHIRO GARI

JUMP KICK .                                                                           TOBI GARI

SIDE THRUST KICK                          YOKO KEKOMI GERI

STOMPING KICK                                                            FUMIKOMI

BLOCKS     (UKE)

INNER.......................UCHI UDE UKE

OUTWARD...............SOTO UDE UKE

OUTWARD EXTENDED

RISING BLOCK                        AGE   UKE

R/L FORWARD

DOWN & OUT.....????......SOTO UKE

DOWN & IN......................???? UKE

CROSS.............................................JUJI

UPWARD..............................AGE UKE

HEEL PALM...................TEISHO UKE

 

STANCES (DACHI)

FIGHTING STANCE.................TACAWAZA

HORSE...................................KIBA DACHI

SNAKE ....................................HEBI DACHI

DUCK .....................................TORI DACHI

T-STANCE................................TEIJI DACHI

WALKING STANCE ...............TSUGI ASHI